Another common trips to the clinic is due to blocked/ stuffy nose for small children. Sometimes, the doctor said it is due to virus and sometimes due to allergy (such as dust). Since baby, my eldest daughter can’t sleep well and will keep crying due to blocked nose. And I don’t have enough sleep too because I need to care for her as she keeps wake up at night due to the blocked nose and she don’t know how to blow it out.
What is Blocked / Stuffy Nose?
Blocked nose/ stuffy nose/ nasal congestion is a common condition in young children. Nasal congestion happens when the tissues lining the nose becomes swollen due to the inflamed blood vessels. The nasal passages in children are very tiny and are easily blocked making breathing difficult.
Causes of Nasal Congestion
- Virus/ bacterial infection. Viruses are causes nasal membranes to swell up causing congestion. If nasal mucous turn yellow/green, it is a sign of bacterial infection.
- Allergy. Pollen, dust mites, house dust and animal dander, tobacco smoke are allergens that causes the nasal membranes to expand leading to nasal congestion.
- Congested and runny nose
- Clear nasal discharge become thicker and turn yellow/ green.
- Watery eyes
- Repeated sneezing
- Itchy skin/ eczema.
The main goal of treatment is to help the child breathe easily and sleep without disturbance. There is no cure for the common cold. In addition, a baby’s immune system will need some time to get stronger. However, we can help the child feel more comfortable and prevent the cold from getting worse.
- Have plenty of rest
- Drink more water/ fluids are very important
- Unclog nose from the warm bath
- Loosen mucous and clear nose with saline nasal drops
- Remove nasal secretion with manual nasal secretion sucker
- Identify indoor/outdoor allergens which cause the problems and remove/avoid it.
A blocked nose can disrupt sleeping and feeding. It is important to keep child’s nose clear from mucous:-
- Normally, we use Sterimar nasal spray for baby.
- When my elder daughter was 5years old, the doctor prescribed Nasonex Aqueous Nasal Spray when her stuffy nose didn’t get better. (Cannot use more than 7days)